Carolyn M. Rutter, PhD
Research interests and experience
Developing biostatistical methods to advance research related to health services and health policy is important to Carolyn Rutter. She provides consistent leadership and innovation that has helped Group Health Research Institute (GHRI) grow a world-class program in biostatistics.
Dr. Rutter’s current research focuses primarily on colorectal cancer screening. She is keenly interested in applying and developing microsimulation models for colorectal cancer—and in developing methods to calibrate these models. Dr. Rutter is the principal investigator for a colorectal cancer screening project funded through the National Cancer Institute’s Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network (CISNET), a nationwide collaboration that uses comparative modeling to help understand cancer screening, prevention, and treatment.
Dr. Rutter is also a principal investigator for one of three PROSPR Research Centers focused on colorectal cancer. PROSPR is a nationwide consortium focused on better understanding how to improve the screening process (recruitment, screening, diagnosis, referral for treatment) for breast, colon, and cervical cancer. The GHRI-led project, “Studying Colorectal Cancer: Effectiveness of Screening Strategies” (SuCCESS), focuses on developing evidence to inform personalized screening recommendations, with an emphasis on identifying optimal screening regimens that maintain most or all of the benefits of intensive regimens while minimizing risks and costs and respecting patient preferences.
Dr. Rutter also has extensive experience in Bayesian modeling, including developing Bayesian meta-analytic models to examine the accuracy of diagnostic tests. Her other areas of expertise include provider profiling and statistical methods for mental health research.
Dr. Rutter is past chair of the Health Policy Statistics Section of the American Statistical Association and is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. She was GHRI’s lead statistician from 2003 to 2008 and still actively supports the Institute’s biostatistics program. She is also an affiliate professor at the University of Washington in the Departments of Biostatistics and Health Services.
Wernli KJ, Rutter CM, Dachman AH, Zafar HM. Suspected extracolonic neoplasms detected on CT colonography: literature review and possible outcomes. Acad Radiol. 2013 Jun;20(6):667-74. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2013.01.017. Epub 2013 Mar 1. PubMed
Chubak J, Rutter CM, Kamineni A, Johnson EA, Stout NK, Weiss NS, Doria-Rose VP, Doubeni CA, Buist DS. Measurement in comparative effectiveness research. Am J Prev Med. 2013 May;44(5):513-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.01.006. PubMed
Doubeni CA, Weinmann S, Adams K, Kamineni A, Buist DS, Ash AS, Rutter CM, Doria-Rose VP, Corley DA, Greenlee RT, Chubak J, Williams A, Kroll-Desrosiers AR, Johnson E, Webster J, Richert-Boe K, Levin TR, Fletcher RH, Weiss NS. Screening colonoscopy and risk for incident late-stage colorectal cancer diagnosis in average-risk adults: a nested case-control study. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(5 Pt 1):312-20. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-5-201303050-00003. PubMed
Ding VY, Hubbard RA, Rutter CM, Simon GE. Assessing the accuracy of profiling methods for identifying top providers: performance of mental health care providers. Health Serv Outcomes Res Methodol. 2013;13(1):1-17. Epub 2012 Sep 18. PubMed
Imel ZE, Hubbard RA, Rutter CM, Simon G. Patient-rated alliance as a measure of therapist performance in two clinical settings. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2012 Dec 10 [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed
Simon GE, Rutter CM, Stewart C, Pabiniak C, Wehnes L. Response to past depression treatments is not accurately recalled: comparison of structured recall and patient health questionnaire scores in medical records. J Clin Psychiatry. 2012;73(12):1503-8. doi: 10.4088/JCP.12m07883. PubMed
Arterburn D, Wellman R, Westbrook E, Rutter C, Ross T, McCulloch D, Handley M, Jung C. Introducing decision aids at Group Health was linked to sharply lower hip and knee surgery rates and costs. Health Aff (Millwood). 2012;31(9):2094-104. PubMed
Zheng W, Rutter C. Estimated mean sojourn time associated with Hemoccult SENSA for detection of proximal and distal colorectal cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Oct;21(10):1722-30. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-12-0561. Epub 2012 Aug 21. PubMed
Rutter CM, Shortreed SM. Writing a clinically appraised topic is a team sport. Acad Radiol. 2012 Jul;19(7):777-8. PubMed
Lin EH, Von Korff M, Ciechanowski P, Peterson D, Ludman EJ, Rutter CM, Oliver M, Young BA, Gensichen J, McGregor M, McCulloch DK, Wagner EH, Katon WJ. Treatment adjustment and medication adherence for complex patients with diabetes, heart disease, and depression: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Fam Med. 2012;10(1):6-14. PubMed
Silverberg MJ, Ray GT, Saunders K, Rutter CM, Campbell CI, Merrill JO, Sullivan MD, Banta-Green CJ, Von Korff M, Weisner C. Prescription long-term opioid use in HIV-infected patients. Clin J Pain. 2012 Jan;28(1):39-46. PubMed
Rutter CM, Miglioretti DL, Savarino JE. Bayesian calibration of microsimulation models, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2009; 104(488):1338–1350
To view more publications, please see Dr. Rutter's CV.